In music-making, the only line that is valuable is the line of most resistance. Therefore, when you talk about literalness, you have to talk about changing text orchestration; you have to talk about tempo; you have to talk about dynamics; you have to talk about balance; and you have to talk about the length of the notes. The only work of Wagner where we know that he wanted to make alterations in the orchestration is The Ring for the simple reason that The Ring, although it was first performed in complete form in Bayreuth, was not written for the house in Bayreuth. The only work of Wagner that was written for that house was Parsifal. Personnel: Edith Wiens, Daniela Bechly, Hilde Leidland, Pamela Coburn, Constance Hauman (soprano); Waltraud Meier, Annette Kttenbaum, Sally Burgess (mezzo soprano); Helmut Pampuch, Kurt Schreibmayer, Siegfried Jerusalem, Peter Maus (tenor); Gnter von Kannen (baritone); Jos? van Dam (bass baritone); Cornelius Hauptmann, Matthias H?lle, John Tomlinson (bass voice). Recording information: Jesus-Christus-Kirche, Berlin-Dahlem (1989-12-?&1990-01-?&1990-).